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Texas Lakes Trail Region

Participant in the Texas Historical Commission's
Texas Heritage Trails Program

Chisholm Trail


Decatur
Decatur

HIDE AND HORN

By the end of the Civil War, Texas hadn’t much left to offer a newly united country…except BEEF! Historians have long debated aspects of the Chisholm Trail’s history, including the exact route and even its name. Although a number of cattle drive routes existed in 19th century America, none have penetrated the heart of popular imagination like the Chisholm Trail, especially in Texas.

As early as the 1840s, Texas cattlemen searched out profitable markets for their longhorns, a hardy breed of livestock descended from Spanish Andalusian cattle brought over by 16th century explorers, missionaries, and ranchers. But options for transporting the cattle were few. The solution lay north, where railroads could carry livestock to meat packing centers and customers throughout the populated east and far west. Enter Joseph G. McCoy from Illinois, who convinced the powers-that-be at the Kansas Pacific Railway company to allow him to build a cattle-shipping terminal in Abilene, Kansas.

The new route cattle drivers used to push the longhorn to Kansas shipping points became known as the Chisholm Trail, named for Jesse Chisholm, a Scot-Cherokee trader who had established the heart of the route while transporting his trade goods to Native American camps, and it eventually inspired the link between the great movement of longhorns from South Texas to central Kansas to the Chisholm name. Before the Chisholm was shut down in the late 1880s (by a combination of fences and a Texas fever quarantine) the trail accommodated more than five million cattle and more than a million wild mustangs, considered the largest human-driven animal migration in history.

Map of Theme

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Upcoming Events

  • March 11, 2017 - 9:30am to March 19, 2017 - 9:30am

    National Cowgirl Museum and Hall of Fame
    1720 Gendy Street
    Fort Worth  Texas  76107
    United States

    Chisholm Trail Scavenger Hunt during Spring Break

  • April 21, 2017 (All day) to April 23, 2017 (All day)

    Pelham Park
    413 Pelham Dr
    Bowie  Texas  76230-4625
    United States

    Celebrate the historic 150 Anniversary of the Chisholm Trail.


 

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Read more about the Chisholm Trail in the Handbook of Texas Online.