World War I Aviation and the Connection to Lakes Trail Communities
In March 1917, the war in Europe had been raging for 32 months. At that time, the Aviation Section of the US Army Signal Corps consisted of five squadrons of airplanes to provide aerial observation support for the infantry and field artillery. These squadrons had a total of 55 serviceable airplanes and less than 100 pilots. Two of the squadrons were stationed in Columbus, New Mexico and San Antonio, Texas. The other three were in the Philippines, the Hawaiian Territory, and the Panama Canal Zone. One month later, the United States entered World War I and was ill-prepared to support the conflict in Europe.
North Central Texas During the Civil War
The Lakes Trail Region holds a unique place in Texas History. Unlike most Texas counties, six of the region’s counties (Collin, Montague, Grayson, Fannin, Lamar, and Cooke) voted against secession before the Civil War. Nevertheless, Secessionists and Anti-Secessionists alike generally supported their state and served in the Confederate Army. Those who didn’t faced hostile neighbors and vigilante justice.
The Bankhead Highway Across the Lakes Trail Region
The Bankhead National Highway, from Washington, D.C. to San Diego, California, was the nations's first all-weather, coast-to-coast highway. The southern road skirted the western mountains and was largely free from ice and snow, so it could be used reliably year-round. It was named for Alabama Senator John H. Bankhead, author of the Federal Highway Act of 1916, which provided federal aid to states for highway construction.
Quanah & Cynthia Ann Parker: A Pictorial Exhibit of Their Story, Traveling Exhibit
Cynthia Ann and Quanah Parker are two important names in U.S. frontier history. Much can to be learned from the dramatic story of these two courageous individuals. In 1836, a Comanche raiding party took Cynthia Ann from her family and over the following years, she became wife to a Comanche chief and mother to children, including Quanah. After Cynthia Ann was taken back by Texas Rangers, Quanah became one of the most important Comanche leaders both in war and peace. The Lakes Trail Program recognizes the importance of their life stories and is initiating this effort to tell both youths and adults about these two persons and about the many significant places in Texas and Oklahoma important to knowing about their lives.
WALL STREET OF THE WEST
It took more than just cattle to create the Fort Worth Stockyards. Throughout the second half of the 19th century Fort Worth served as final respite for the long cattle drives before drovers headed across the Red River and into Indian Territory. Known as “Cowtown,” the loosely-organized district – dusty when dry and sloppy with mud and manure whenever it rained – maintained a rowdy reputation on par with the cowboys who arrived with their livestock in tow.